January 1, 1863, emancipation proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln solved the issues of the slave trade and the tussle between the North and the South but it did not stop the segregation, oppression, and disenfranchisement of the Blacks in America. African Americans still suffered untold oppressions and violence inspired by race was the order of the day. The Jim Craw Law which had full sway between 1877 and mid-1960s made the matter worse. It was an anti-black law which prohibited blacks from using the bathrooms and classrooms, train cars and even movie theaters.
The civil right movement which had its peak in the 1960s was orchestrated to stop this oppression. It was a movement of African-American civil right activists who employed several nonviolent techniques to bring to an end the disenfranchisement. Some of the prominent activists that fought for the freedom of the black include Martin Luther King, Jr., Andrew Goodman, Rosa Parks and so forth. The activists risked their lives to their cause. Some of them, like Martin Luther King, lost their lives in the process but in the end of the day, they actually achieved their long-sought equality and freedom.
Among the measures employed by the human right activists are civil disobedience, and non-violent protests. Although the victory did not come cheap and fast, however, their perseverance garnered national and international interest. They staged several protests and demonstrations and although some of the protests resulted in the loss of life and fiasco, they maintained their stance and focus. Their determination and focus caused the federal government under the presidency of President Lyndon B. Johnson to come up with legislation and initiatives that changed black history in the United States. Some of the legislations initiated at this time include the Civil Rights Acts of 1968 and the Voting Rights of 1965.
The emergence of the first black president, Barack Obama on November 4, 2008, was a testament to the success of the Civil Right Movement and proved that the heroes did not lose their lives in vain. Since American is the pivot of the world, the success of the Civil Right Movement had an impact on the entire white race and dramatically changed the way the Blacks live and work across the world.