Democracy is all about human rights. It recognizes the fact that individuals in a society have certain rights and therefore allows them to exercise such rights. These rights serve as safeguards to the individuals and present limits at which the state can interfere in individual’s activities. The state is given enormous power but human rights place a boundary on this power. Human rights also prevent bullying not only from the state but from some other social organizations. The civil and political rights are some of the most important human rights that protect individuals in a society against social organizations, the government, and other individuals.
Civil and political rights are two different rights but they have similarities. Both rights make it possible for individuals to easily participate in civic and political activities in a state without being oppressed or discriminated against. The international acceptance of these rights gives rise to the international human rights and was actually the basis upon which the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 rested.
The Civil Rights involves the security and safety of the individuals, their life, physical and mental integrity. The right considers the individual as a person and a citizen of the state. It ensures that the state protects the individual against discrimination relating to age, gender, race, origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, political affiliation and so forth. This right is all-encompassing and includes some other fundamental rights of individuals in the society such as the freedom of speech, thought, assembly, movement and press freedom. It also gives the individuals the right to privacy.
The Political Rights ensures that justice has its full sway in the state. It ensures that the legal system is fair and individuals have the right to subscribe to this right and evoke it. This right includes the rights of the abused, due process, the right to a fair trial, rights of participation in civil society and political activities. It also includes the right to assembly, freedom of association, right of self-defense and the right to vote. These rights are highly endorsed in a democratic society but in some other systems, they are seen as inappropriate. Some theories consider them as negative rights but obviously, they ensure the stability of the state.